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Table 1 Summary of discovered Midas cichlid species

From: Embryonic and larval development in the Midas cichlid fish species flock (Amphilophus spp.): a new evo-devo model for the investigation of adaptive novelties and species differences

Species Described by Endemic to lake Coloration Body shape Lip shape Genome availability
A. citrinellus Günther, 1864 [9] - normal or gold benthic non-hypertrophic# or hypertrophic* high quality (draft genome in [6])
A. labiatus Günther, 1864 [8] - normal or gold limnetic hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. zaliosus Barlow & Munsey 1976 [10] Apoyo normal limnetic non-hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. astorquii Staufer et al., 2008 [12] Apoyo normal benthic non-hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. chancho Staufer et al., 2008 [12] Apoyo normal benthic non-hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. flaveolus Staufer et al., 2008 [12] Apoyo normal benthic non-hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. globosus Geiger et al., 2010 [11] Apoyo normal benthic non-hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. supercilius Geiger et al., 2010 [11] Apoyo normal benthic non-hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. amarillo Staufer et al., 2002 [13] Xiloá normal (gold rare or absent) benthic non-hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. sagittae Staufer et al., 2002 [13] Xiloá normal or gold limnetic non-hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. xiloaensis Staufer et al., 2002 [13] Xiloá normal or gold benthic non-hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. viridis Recknagel et al. 2013 [14] Xiloá normal benthic non-hypertrophic low coverage [6]
A. tolteca Recknagel et al. 2013 [14] Asososca Managua normal or gold benthic or limnetic non-hypertrophic -
  1. The 13 species of the Midas cichlid species complex listed with their range, a selection of their observed phenotypic variations (coloration, body and lip shape) and availability of a sequenced genome (#Lake Managua and Nicaragua, *crater lakes).