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Table 2 Genes showing increasing expression in longissimus muscle of bovine fetuses over developmental time1

From: Gene expression studies of developing bovine longissimusmuscle from two different beef cattle breeds

Gene2 GenBank Accession3 Number of array elements4 Gene expression ratio5 135 d/60 d Gene expression ratio5 195 d/60 d Gene expression ratio5 birth/60 d
actin, alpha 1, skeletal muscle (ACTA1) CF614694 6 0.80 2.49** 4.09**
actinin, alpha 3 (ACTN3) CF614924 3 0.62 3.79** 5.63**
adenylate kinase 1 (AK1) CF614671 1 1.38** 4.25** 4.60**
aldolase A, fructose-biphosphate (ALDOA) CF615006 1 1.28* 3.27** 5.82**
ankyrin repeat domain 1 (cardiac muscle) (ANKRD1) CF614403 2 0.83 2.62** 6.62**
mitochondrially encoded ATP synthase 6 (MT-ATP6) CF613499 1 1.10 2.69** 5.48**
chaperone, ABC1 activity of bc1 complex like (S. pombe) (CABC1) CF615094 1 0.51 1.18 6.43**
calsequestrin 1 (fast-twitch, skeletal muscle) (CASQ1) CO729180 1 1.08 3.93** 5.00**
creatine kinase, muscle (CKM) CF614901 15 2.15** 3.04** 7.49**
creatine kinase, mitochondrial 2 (sarcomeric) (CKMT2) CF614479 1 0.60 1.76** 10.08**
cardiomyopathy associated 5 (CMYA5) CF615342 4 0.77 1.63** 4.79**
cold shock domain protein A (CSDA) CF615315 3 0.64 1.74** 4.71**
cytochrome C (CYC1) CF614629 1 2.14** 2.53** 6.90**
enolase 3 (beta, muscle) (ENO3) CF614534 16 1.93** 3.58** 5.25**
fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 2 (FBP2) CF614569 2 0.53 2.39** 6.73**
heat shock 70 kDa protein 1B (HSPA1B) CF614728 1 1.03 2.17** 4.02**
heat shock 90 kDa protein 1, alpha (HSPCA) DW521445 1 1.30 3.63** 6.10**
lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) CF614400 5 0.70 2.40** 4.31**
similar to dysferlin interacting protein 1, transcript variant 1 (LOC616223), mRNA CO729195 2 1.57** 3.62** 4.97**
myoglobin (MB) CF615014 18 1.79** 2.51** 6.68**
Myosin binding protein C, fast type (MYBPC2) CF615254 14 0.89 2.73** 9.83**
myosin, heavy polypeptide 1, skeletal muscle, adult (MYH1) CF615300 3 0.59 2.70** 5.85**
myosin, heavy polypeptide 2, skeletal muscle, adult (MYH2) CF614936 13 1.40** 2.70** 5.37**
myozenin 1 (MYOZ1) CF614412 18 2.22** 2.89** 7.66**
ncRNA orthologous with NEAT1 CF614858 12 0.91 1.97** 6.75**
PDZ and LIM domain 3 (PDLIM3) CF615153 10 0.92 3.88** 5.05**
6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3) CF615087 1 0.36 0.51 6.27**
phosphofructokinase, muscle (PFKM) DW521807 1 1.01 4.12** 6.71**
phosphoglycerate mutase 2 (muscle) (PGAM2) CF614969 6 1.12 4.03** 4.65**
phosphoglucomutase 1 (PGM1) CF615240 7 1.06 3.50** 5.47**
Phosphorylase, glycogen; muscle (PYGM) CF614749 6 1.06 3.17** 7.27**
solute carrier family 25 (mitochondrial carrier; adenine nucleotide translocator), member 4 (SLC25A4) CF614535 3 0.80 1.93** 5.14**
titin-cap (telethonin) (TCAP) CF614598 5 2.81** 4.15** 8.78**
tropomodulin 4 (muscle) (TMOD4) CF614407 2 0.79 3.62** 6.53**
Titin immunoglobulin domain protein (myotitilin) (TTID) CF614674 5 0.58 1.63** 4.61**
  1. 1* indicates a statistically significant increase in gene expression at P < 0.05 level; ** indicates a statistically significant increase in gene expression at P < 0.01 level.
  2. 2Sequence annotation was carried out using approved gene symbols (human genome nomenclature) via the IBISS4 database [17]. BLAST [15] scores > 110 and e-values < 2 E-23 were accepted for annotation purposes.
  3. 3In cases where more than 1 microarray element was used to calculate the expression data, the accession number of 1 representative element is shown.
  4. 4Number of microarray elements representing the same gene that were used to calculate the expression data.
  5. 5To obtain the ratios shown, averaged absolute microarray signal intensity values for d 135, 195 and birth were divided by the signal intensities measured at d 60.